Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) Division

   One of Burma's 14 states and divisions, with an area of 35,139 square kilometres (13,567 square miles) and an estimated population in 2000 of 6.8 million (1983 census figure: 4,994,061). The divisional capital is Bassein (Pathein), and the division is divided into five districts (Bassein, Henzada [Hinthada], Ma-U-Bin, Myaungmya [Myoungmya], and Pyapon) and 26 townships. It is bounded on the north by Pegu (Bago) Division, on the northwest by Arakan (Rakhine) State, and on the east by Rangoon (Yangon) Division. The coastal region is formed by the delta of the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River. The mostly flat land is formed by alluvium from the Irrawaddy River. Well watered and fertile, it is a major producer of rice; pulses, beans, oil seeds, and groundnuts are also grown. Fresh and marine water fisheries, mangrove forests, and jute are economically important. Irrawaddy Division is a major source of ngapi, a paste made from fish or shrimp that is a staple of the Burmese diet. Ethnically, Burmans (Bamars) form the majority of Irrawaddy Division's population, although there is also a large population of Karens (Kayins), who are known as "Delta Karens," and smaller groups of Arakanese (Rakhines), Chins, and people of Indian and Chinese ancestry. Ancestors of the Delta Karens migrated from their native hills along the Thai-Burma border to what is now Irrawaddy Division in the 19th century, after the British opened up the land for rice cultivation. Although many Karens assimilated to Burmese culture, language, and religion, the Delta Karens, especially the Christians among them, played a leading role in developing Karen identity and "nationhood" during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. After Burma became independent, Irrawaddy Division was a site of the 1949 Karen National Union insurgency.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ayeyarwady Division — Infobox Burmesestatedivision englishname = Ayeyarwady Division (Irrawaddy Division) burmesename = ဧရာဝတီတိုင်း transcription = ei:rawati tuing: capital = Pathein region = Lower area = 35,138 population = 6,663,000 locatormapfile =… …   Wikipedia

  • Ayeyarwady Division —    See Irrawaddy Division …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Division d'Ayeyarwady — 16°50′N 95°10′E / 16.833, 95.167 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Irrawaddy — may refer to:*Ayeyarwady River, the primary river of Myanmar *Irrawaddy Delta, a rice growing region of the country, a region which is currently suffering from a disaster *Ayeyarwady Division, an administrative division of Myanmar * The Irrawaddy …   Wikipedia

  • Irrawaddy River — Coordinates: 15°51′19″N 95°14′27″E / 15.85528°N 95.24083°E / 15.85528; 95.24083 …   Wikipedia

  • Irrawaddy Delta — The Irrawaddy Delta or Ayeyarwady Delta lies in the Irrawaddy Division, the lowest expanse of land in Burma that fans out from the limit of tidal influence at Myan Aung to the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, 290 km to the south at the mouth of the …   Wikipedia

  • Irrawaddy Flotilla Company —    Established in 1865 as a public corporation. By the 1930s, the Scottish owned Irrawaddy Flotilla Company operated the world s largest fleet of river boats, including 270 steamboats and 380 barges and flats on the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) and… …   Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)

  • Ayeyarwady — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La división de Ayeyarwady es una división de Birmania, que ocupa la región del delta del Río Irrawady (también llamado río Ayeyarwady). Limita al norte con la división dey Bago con la división de Rangún por el este y …   Wikipedia Español

  • Division de Sagaing — စစ္‌ကုိင္‌း‌တုိင္‌း (Division de Sagaing) Drapeau de la division de Sagaing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Division de Magway — မက္ဝေးတုိင္‌း (Division de Magway) Drapeau de la division de Magway …   Wikipédia en Français

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